Capture of Berwick (1318)

See also: Capture of Berwick (1296) and Capture of Berwick (1482)

Capture of Berwick

Part of the First War of Scottish Independence

An 1873 drawing of the siege

Date
April 1318

Location
Berwick-Upon-Tweed

Result
Scottish victory

Belligerents

Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of England

Commanders and leaders

Sir James Douglas
Sir Walter Stewart
Maurice de Berkeley

Strength

Unknown
Unknown

Casualties and losses

Unknown
Unknown

v
t
e

First War of
Scottish Independence

First Berwick
Dunbar
Lanark
Stirling Bridge
Falkirk
Roslin
Happrew
Stirling Castle
Methven
Dalrigh
Turnberry
Loch Ryan
Glen Trool
Loudoun Hill
Slioch
Inverurie
Buchan
Pass of Brander
Bannockburn
Moiry Pass
Connor
Kells
Skerries
Skaithmuir
Second Berwick
Faughart
Myton
Arbroath Declaration
The Great Raid of 1322
Old Byland
Corbeil Treaty
Stanhope Park
Edinburgh-Northampton Treaty

The Capture of Berwick was an event in the First War of Scottish Independence which took place in April 1318. Sir James Douglas, Lord of Douglas took the town and castle of Berwick-upon-Tweed from the English, who had controlled the town since 1296.
Following the decisive Scots victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, the Scots had recovered all their strongholds, with the exception of Berwick. In September 1317, King Robert Bruce attempted a siege of Berwick, which lasted until November before he withdrew.[1] The following April, an English sergeant was bribed to allow a party of Scots to climb the town wall. The raiding party, led by Sir James Douglas, and possibly the Earl of Dunbar, took the town after a fight. The castle was warned when they lost control of their men, who began to plunder and failed to capture the castle. King Robert soon arrived with an army, and after an eleven-week siege, the castle garrison capitulated due to a lack of supplies.[2] The English burgesses were expelled, and King Robert re-established Berwick as a Scottish trading port, installing his son-in-law Walter Stewart as Keeper.[2]
The retaking of Berwick was a significant victory for the Scots. Historian Michael Brown notes that “symbolically, the capture of town and then castle marked the completion of King Robert’s realm and kingship.”[2] However, Berwick would change hands several more times in the years to come, before permanently becoming part of England when the town was captured in 1482.
References[edit]

^ Brown, p.150
^ a b c Brown, p.151

Brown, Michael (2008).
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